What is Art?
An Introduction to Visual Art

Objectives of the Activity
Determine a definition of visual art
Examine how we see and perceive art
Define terms related to the viewing of art
Examine images critically

What is Art?
Britannica Online defines art as:
"the use of skill and imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, environments, or experiences that can be shared with others 22 Mar 2012 - Visual arts! powerpoint presentation. 1. VISUAL ARTS! 2. OUR THEME!!! Music Brings us Together! 3. WHAT IS A MURAL? Definition of mural! A mural is a creative I have no doubt that this is by far the earliest depiction in art of women acting as witches, Fresco says. 6. DIFFERENT TYPES OF .

Visual Art has been defined as a language of visual signs which conveys ideas, feelings, or moods.

The Meaning of the Word Art…
The word art encompasses many meanings, including ability, process, and product.

Ability - The human capacity to make things of beauty and things that stir us; skill, mastery, and creativity.
Process - The different classifications of art such as drawing, painting, sculpting, architecture, music, and photography; methods and processes.

Product - The completed work; painting, sculpture, .
Whatever the definition, it is important to know the vocabulary of art in order to understand it. How is Visual Art Classified?
Traditional and contemporary art encompasses activities as diverse as:
painting, sculpture, drawing, printmaking, illustration, cartoons, ceramics, stained glass, photography, installation, video, film, and architecture, to name a few.

Over time, an artist’s body of work can reveal an expressive character unique to the individual artist, like a signature.

This expressive quality is known as an artistic style.

Visual arts and sculpture - slideshare

For each piece, the artist makes choices about the structure, media (materials and tools), techniques (methods of using the media), and treatment of subject matter that will best express his or her idea 19 May 2011 -
Visual Art has been defined as a language of visual signs which conveys ideas, feelings, or moods.
; 5. The Meaning of the Word Art…
The word art encompasses many meanings, including ability, process, and product.
Ability - The human capacity to make things of beauty and things .

Young artists are often tempted to prematurely impose a style on their work, instead of allowing it to mature naturally.

However, they must remember— just like a signature—one’s expressive style truly only develops through time and repeated practice.
Some styles, once unique to individual artists, have been adopted by generations of artists and have broader historical application.

Period style is the general characteristics common to much of the work from given period of time or cultural phase.
Regional style is the manner of expression common in the work of artists working in the same country or area.

During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, artists often confounded the public by the increasingly abstract treatment of subject matter. Contemporary artists, too, make expressive choices that the public often doesn’t understand or find personally relevant.

In many cases, a single artist’s style changes as his or her body of work develops and grows. One prime example is the work of Piet Mondrian whose final style has influenced artists in other fields.

Composition - The act of organizing the visual elements of art.

The organization of the visual elements in a work of art One way to provide empowerment to all of our students is through educating ourselves to learn how to provide and model best practices of accommodating and improving accessibility to learning and participating in the rich visual language of art; To make this happen there needs to be collaboration between the special .

Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow
11. Seeing – Visual Perception awareness: intuitive, rational, informative

Art and Perceptionfigure ground reversal
15. The Three Searches
The three basic searches in which
artists are involved:
Search for understanding of:
the Supernatural,
and Self.

Art Creates Beauty
Aesthetics – the search for beauty
Idealism – the representation of forms according to a concept of perfection
Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa
22. Art can be used to
Replicate nature (naturalistic)
Depict reality (realistic, objective, perceptive)
Record an artist’s own experiences (representational)
Gustave Courbet Burial at Ornans

Art Enhances Our Environment
5th century Byzantine Mosaics
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia Ravenna, Italy
24. Art Enhances Our Environment
Dale Chihuly.

Fiori di Como (detail)Bellagio, Las Vegas, NV
25. Art Reveals Truth
In her self-portraits, the Mexican painter Frida Kahlo used her tragic life as an emblem for human suffering. ArtImmortalizes
Pop Art – an art style originating in the 1960s that uses commercial and popular images and themes as its subject matter
Andy Warhol.

Synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen ink on canvas.

Looking at Art
Is this art? Why or why not?
Warhol Exhibition, Essay, Notebook, Presentation, Portfolio. BA (Hons) Contemporary Fine Art. The course encourages you to look at a broadest range of contemporary fine art practices to help you identify and establish creative strategies for developing your own studio practice. We give you access to our purpose built studios and .

Art Expresses Religious Beliefs
Hagia Sophia Istanbul, Turkey Christ Pantocrator Byzantine Art

Art Expresses Fantasy
Marc Chagal, I and the Village, (1911) oil on canvas
35. Art and the Psychoanalytic
Many 20th Century artists looked to the psychoanalytic writings of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, who suggested that primeval forces are at work in the unconscious reaches of the mind.

Artist’s sought to use their art as an outlet for these unconscious forces. 0
Art can make you think. Art Simulates the Intellect
Buckminster Fuller stands
in front of his geodesic dome
Leonardo. Art Creates Order and Harmony
Ictinos and Callicrates, The Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens
Application of the Golden Section
Design - The combination of the visual elements according to principles of design such as proportion and harmony. –Georges Seurat
Artists and scientists try to find the underlying order of nature.

Zen - A Buddhist sect that seeks inner harmony through introspection and meditation. Ryoanji Zen Temple, Japanese sand garden, Kyoto, Japan. Liberty Leading the People oil on canvas
Allegory - A narrative in which people and events have consistent symbolic meanings; extended metaphor.

Conceptual Art
Conceptual art does not represent an external object.

It also challenges the traditional view of the artist as creative visionary, skilled craftsperson, and master of ones media.

Art Elevates the Commonplace
Readymade – found objects that are exhibited as works of art
Assemblage – a work of art that consists of assembled three-dimensional objects
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Powerpoint presentation - lingnan university

Art Reflects the Social and Cultural Context
Edward Hopper.

Art Meets the Needs of the Artist
Christo and Jeanne-Claude.

The Gates,
Central Park, New York, NY 2005
Christo. A Structure for Understanding Art

  • Components of Art 49. Economy
Rembrandt Anatomy Lesson oil on canvas
71. Underlying Core Concepts
Light – that form of radiant energy which simulates visual perception, illumination (value, color, hue, neutral, tone, key, tint, shade, shadow, highlight, modeling, chiaroscuro)
Space – the environment in which all things exist (line, shape, mass, length, width, size, area, measurement, depth, volume, dimension, proportion, scale)
Time – period of duration, fourth dimension (duration, motion, moment, date)

Other Key Terms
Composition - The act or organizing or composing the visual elements of art.
Design - The combination of the visual elements of art according to principles of design such as balance and unity.

Form - The organization of the visual elements in a work of art. Looking at Art
Is this art? Why or why not?
What elements does it have or not have?

The Piano Lesson(s) by Matisse and Bearden
75 BA in Visual Studies. 2013-2014. Visual Studies. Why VS? Because you are interested in the visual arts (painting, drawing, sculpture, photography, film, video,…) Because you want to find a job and make a living after graduation. Visual Studies. Because you are interested. For example, you enjoy. going to exhibitions .